A permanent resident (RP) is a person who has obtained permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada but who is not yet a Canadian citizen.
A permanent resident may live outside Canada. However, he must reside in Canada for at least two (2) years, or 730 days, in a five (5) year period. Otherwise, he risks losing his PR status. These 730 days do not have to be consecutive.
A person applying for asylum does not become a permanent resident at this time. His asylum application must first be approved. Only once this step has been completed can the person apply for permanent residence.
The Permanent Resident Card is valid for a period of (5) years and renewable indefinitely.
Permanent resident status can only be lost through a formal process.
For example, if the permanent resident:
Permanent residence provides access to most benefits available to Canadian citizens, including:
However, permanent residents can not vote, run for office or hold a job requiring a high level security clearance.
Where possible, it is advantageous for an immigrant to obtain Canadian citizenship rather than remain a permanent resident. This allows, among other things, to get away from the minimum residency requirement.
Certain essential conditions must, however, be respected in order to obtain Canadian citizenship. In particular:
Regardless of age, you must have Permanent Resident (PR) status in order to apply for Canadian citizenship. It must not be questioned in any way. The person must not be the subject of a removal order.
Regardless of age, you must have been in Canada as a PR for at least:
Income tax filing requirements under the Income Tax Act of the four (4) taxation years fully or partially included in the six (6) years preceding the date of the application must be met.
Some prohibitions may apply. In particular, a person convicted of a crime in Canada or abroad may in some cases not be eligible for Canadian citizenship for a certain period of time.